Scientific articles

Expert conclusions on verbal extremism A Dispute over Methods

The practice of mandatory recourse to linguistic experts’ opinions in cases pertaining to racial, ethnic, and other types of hatred and hostility, has caused the vast development of different approaches to the analysis of the texts. During last ten years, numerous methods for identifying “verbal extremism” have been recommended. It has been suggested that the evolution of Russian legal linguistics has not yet resulted in a “common theoretical basis for linguistic investigation in court that is shared by all experts”. The current status of the proposed approach to studying texts in order to identify “hostility and hate” demonstrates both the difficulty of establishing a general theoretical basis for forensic linguistics as a whole and the contradictions that arise in applying the numerous methodologies that exist in Russian science for studying “extremist” texts.

By Dmitry V. Dubrovskiy Inga kommentarer till Expert conclusions on verbal extremism

LGBT-Rights in post-conditionality Lithuania One Step Forward, One Step Back

Even though the EU’s conditionality per se did not make Lithuanian people more tolerant, it may have created the conditions for winning hearts and minds in the long run. Despite the fact that the majority of LGBT persons continue to hide their sexual or gender identity (in 2012, 81% did so at school and 55% at work), the problems they face are no longer invisible, and even backlash-like developments contribute to sparking a debate. On June 18, 2016 a march for LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender) rights, known as the Baltic Pride parade, took place in Lithuania’s capital, Vilnius.

By Ausra Padskocimaite Inga kommentarer till LGBT-Rights in post-conditionality Lithuania

Hungary The constitution of the “political” in squatting

This paper presents the constitution of the “political” in two cases of political squatting in Hungary after 1989: the Centrum squatter group’s occupations in 2004–2006, and the homeless advocacy group The City is for All’s occupations in 2013–2014.

By Agnes Gagyi Inga kommentarer till The constitution of the “political” in squatting

Vilnius Giving meaning to abandoned buildings

This paper explores the scope, causes, flourishing, and decline of squatting in Lithuanian society during the period of 1990-2002. Drawing on 16 in-depth interviews conducted with squatters in Vilnius, newspaper articles and legal documents, this paper shows that squatters made contributions to the city with their cultural capital, creating local subcultures and making the urban space more attractive.

By Jolanta Aidukaite Inga kommentarer till Giving meaning to abandoned buildings

Squatting and the moral economy of public-private relations

The case of late Soviet and early post-Soviet squatting helps to elucidate how squatting is structured in regard to public-private relations and what the political component of squatting can be in a society not based on private property. The self-help occupying of vacant flats was not restricted to subcultures.

By Tatiana Golova Inga kommentarer till Squatting and the moral economy of public-private relations

Poland Local differences & the importance of cohesion

Two Polish cities, Warsaw and Poznań, are studied in the article to examine how external structures are handled and used by squatters in these two settings. The aim is to analyze opportunity structures that condition the emergence and development of squatting and how squatters respond to and utilize these opportunities.

By Dominika V. Polanska and Grzegorz Piotrowski Inga kommentarer till Local differences & the importance of cohesion

Prague Post-1989: Boom, decline and renaissance

The predominantly unfavorable and restrictive socio-spatial conditions of squatting in Prague, have been shaped by the socialist past and post-socialist transformation. Temporarily facilitated by the fluid and liberalized nature of the early post-1989 era, the emergence of the first squats in Prague was inspired by the international squatters’ movement, and alienated from the enthusiastic acceptance of capitalism by Czech society.

By Michaela Pixova and Arnost Novak Inga kommentarer till Post-1989: Boom, decline and renaissance

Understanding Narva & Identity Local reflections from Narva’s Russian-Speakers

This article examines the construction of Narva and local spatial identity formation from the perspective of Russian-speaking Estonians in Narva, as elucidated in their own discourses and perceptions.

By David J. Trimbach Inga kommentarer till Understanding Narva & Identity

Holocaust Memory in Contemporary Estonia Clashes of Victimhood

This article explores how several key museums discuss the Holocaust in the wider context of Estonian history, including Estonia’s traumatic past under Soviet occupation. It is argued that the Estonian narrative of victimhood still dominates collective memory as displayed in museums, and Jewish suffering in the Holocaust takes a much less prominent place despite an increase in Holocaust awareness among the Estonian political elite since the country’s “return to the West”.

By Paul Oliver Stocker Inga kommentarer till Holocaust Memory in Contemporary Estonia

The rise of early modern demesne lordship THE CASE OF WESTERN ESTONIA

Abstract: The purpose of this article is to test an explanation for the atypical nature of the development of demesne lordship in western Estonia1  in early modern times. My proposed hypothesis concerning the development of early modern demesne lordship in the Baltic Sea region takes as its starting point the impact on private land ownership in Europe caused by governments’ extension of their political powers and increasing conflicts. The twenty-first-century discourse about raison d’état has here been broadened with additional arguments about the role of the early modern military state in the development of demesne lordship in the Baltic Sea region, following the reasoning behind Braudel’s and Wallerstein’s center–periphery models.

By Magnus Berencreutz Inga kommentarer till The rise of early modern demesne lordship