Communism has failed, not only on political and economic, but especially on moral grounds, the author claims; "Every communist state was a far cry from the paradise the doctrine proposed.".
Senior lecturer at the University of Kent. He has an interest in the history of liberalism, the study of totalitarianism, the history of mass crimes, and the ethics of memory. He is the author and editor of seven books on philosophy and literature, written in English, German, and Romanian.