The author analyzes the content of the word “solidarity”, not for the sake of linguistics, but in the belief that words contain memories as well as many other experiences, often conflicting ones. He also talks about Solidarity, the trade union in Poland, which was created in August 1980 and crushed in December 1981.
Professor of Polish language and literature, and translator. Researcher at the Institute of Polish Literature and Culture at the University of Silesia (1974–1982) in Katowice, where he founded Solidarity. Interned and imprisoned 1981–82. Researcher at the Institute of Slavic Studies, Stockholm University, and its director since 2003. Author of over 200 scientific papers and critical essays.